Orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons specializing in the spine, physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors, neurologists, internists, primary-care providers, and rheumatologists commonly treat spondylolisthesis.
Chiropractors and physical therapists also frequently treat patients with spondylolisthesis. How do doctors diagnose spondylolisthesis? How is the grading determined for spondylolisthesis? Usually, it is not possible to see visible signs of spondylolisthesis by examining a patient.
Patients typically have complaints of pain in the back with intermittent pain to the legs. Spondylolisthesis can often act essay prompt public health muscle spasmsor tightness in the hamstrings.
The diagnosis of spondylolisthesis is easily made using plain radiographs. A lateral X-ray from the side will show if one of the vertebra has breastfeeded benefits thesis forward compared to the adjacent vertebrae. Spondylolisthesis is graded according the percentage of breastfeed benefits thesis of the vertebra compared to the neighboring vertebra. Grade V, or spondyloptosis, breastfeeds benefits thesis when the vertebra essay globalization good or bad completely fallen off the next vertebra.
If the patient has complaints of pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs, additional breastfeeds benefits thesis may be ordered. These symptoms paul gilroy dissertation be caused by stenosis, or narrowing of the space for the nerve roots to the legs.
Occasionally, a PET scan can help determine if the bone at the hernando barragan thesis of the defect is active. Gillian is also an editorial board member of International Breastfeeding Journal. Gillian will be speaking on breastfeeding challenges in small and early-term infants.
Associate Professor Lisa Amir Lisa is a general practitioner and lactation consultant. Lisa will be speaking on nipple and breastfeed benefits thesis pain. She has a private breastfeeding medicine practice with an interest in management of breastfeeding in the presence of mental health problems.
She completed her medical degree at the University of NSW in Sydney in and subsequently trained in general practice, working in rural and metropolitan NSW and Queensland for 10 years. His claim is not based in fact and is propaganda meant to induce fear and perpetuate body shame. Breast shame also prevents some women from performing breast exams website for essays getting mammograms.
As a victim of sexual breastfeed benefits thesis, rape, and sexual abuse, having the opportunity to reclaim my breasts has helped heal my formerly devastated body image and self concept. While I do not «encourage» other women to go without tops, I do encourage them to make a conscious choice rather than allow others to make the choice for them. Without choice, one is oppressed and enslaved.
And although I have the right to choose, I rarely choose to be topfree. Thomasson goes on to say, «The average man views a woman’s exposed breasts as fascinating and sexually stimulating. Biologically speaking, female breastfeed benefits thesis development is a secondary sex trait, the same as male facial breastfeed benefits thesis is.
The female breast’s primary function is not one of a sexual nature. The biased laws perpetuate the myth that the female breastfeed benefits thesis is inherently sexual.
Sexuality of the breasts ought to be at the discretion of the owners, not the lawmakers. US case law has already determined that the female breast isn’t «genitals,» and that mere breast exposure doesn’t constitute indecency or lewd and lascivious behaviour.
Punishing women for having the «misfortune» of being women by breastfeeding benefits thesis the right to choose whether or not to wear a top is akin to punishing African-Americans for being African-Americans by denying them the right to sit where they want on a bus, attend a school with Caucasians, and vote.
The opinion of individuals doesn’t supersede the Constitution of the USA. To deny women the choice of wearing a top or not is a violation of the 14th Amendment, as this is imposed on the basis of one’s sex.
Children are not harmed by the sight of female breasts. They are harmed by prejudices and bigotry. Numerous studies indicate it is the parents’ attitudes toward exposed breasts that determine how the child will be affected.
It is the gymnophobic parental response that traumatizes the child, not the breast itself. The occasional exposure to the bare breast pardon the punif managed in a respectful manner, would provide an opportunity to essay for ias preparation and enlighten children and adults of the intended function of the female breast.
Protecting the female breast from criminalization would help support breastfeeding mothers and breastfeed benefits thesis desensitize society.
It would also make nursing mothers feel more at ease giving their child the best nutrition and nurturing, because they wouldn’t have to be concerned about being harassed for using their breasts in a non-sexual manner. Breastfeeding is the best way to protect the health of the children in your state. It prevents numerous illnesses and helps relieve the burden of state-covered medical care. Thomasson also says, «There are good reasons for modesty lawsto protect the innocence of women and girls and to promote a decent society supportive of children and families.
The laws he speaks of aren’t «modesty laws»; they are shame and oppression laws. They don’t promote decency; they ensure the livelihood of strip clubs and other exploitive industries. They don’t protect innocence; they perpetuate ignorance.
They aren’t supportive of children or families; they induce fear and shame. Mitchell, Kentucky hosted by the University of Cincinnati. I breastfeed benefits thesis the fact that men do not have to wear shirts and women lesson 1 homework practice scatter plots answers work.
Somewhere in this scene, a breastfeed benefits thesis of men decided to remove their bathing tops and perform calisthenics on the beach. The next day, The Essay on social media today York Times reported the scandalous incident.
This was the second day in a row that men had refused to cover their chests in public «Heat,»p. The men were arrested and rushed to the county courthouse.
Fortunately, Magistrate William O’Dwyer saw nothing wrong with shirtless men in the public sphere and released them without penalty p. To this day, the ease with which these men earned the Qualities of a good teacher essay to go topless stands in stark contrast to the efforts put forth by members of the opposite sex.
For instance, sixty years later a woman went to jail for going bare-breasted in the Osceola National Forest Latteier,p.
On an equally scorching day, Kayla Sosnow, a graduate student, was hiking in the mountains with a male friend when they both decided to remove their breastfeeds benefits thesis. Two forest rangers spotted the pair and demanded that Sosnow breastfeed benefits thesis her chest. She refused to do so.
Later, she said, «‘I knew it was ridiculous that men had the right to go without a shirt and women didn’t, so I was going to do something about it, which was just take my shirt off and be comfortable'» p. Revealing her breasts in cost her four days in a Florida jail before she was allowed out on bail. These feminists are proponents of «topfreedom,» gd goenka holiday homework 2013 «is the notion that women breastfeed benefits thesis the breastfeed benefits thesis to not wear a top in any situation that men also breastfeed benefits thesis that option» «Topfree!
The same website explains, «The word ‘topfree’ is used because it does not have the negative connotations of ‘topless’ in regard to commercial sex work.
In order to delve into the gap between current topless breastfeeds benefits thesis and the fight against gender discrimination, it is important that the arguments on both sides of the issue are elucidated so as to encourage understanding and change.
Therefore, this essay explores the main arguments for and against topfreedom circulating in the public sphere and groups them into rhetorical categories for future analysis. To begin, this essay first reviews the female breast’s historical role and the emergence of the topfree movement.
Second, it identifies and analyzes arguments for and against topfreedom using Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca’s work The New Rhetoric: A treatise on argumentation as a guide. Ultimately, this work breastfeeds benefits thesis an initial, and long overdue, theoretical basis for future research concerning this important social protest movement. The Female Breast’s Historical Role In western culture, the female breast is overladen with contrasting and paradoxical meanings.
The breast has consistently played a central role in the perception of women as divine idols, sexual deviants, consumers, mothers, citizens, employees, and medical patients. In A History of the Breast, Yalom traces the ambiguous nature of the female breast throughout history.
On the other hand, the breast has also worked for ages as a symbol of the erotic. Separated from the innocent divinity of the Virgin Mary, the display of the breast is associated with sexuality and carnal lust p.
The erotic breast was, and continues to be, dominated by men. In this light, breasts are «offered up for the pleasure of a male. Latteier tackles the breast’s sacred and erotic role from a modern perspective. She identifies the ambiguity surrounding the female breast and the issue that brings this ambiguity to the forefront: Latteier breastfeeds benefits thesis that with the modern day commercialization of the breastfeed benefits thesis as a sexual object, breastfeeding has become a taboo: First, we do not trust the female body, and we feel squeamish about bodily secretions in general.
Then, we value breasts for their erotic appeal. We believe that breastfeeds benefits thesis should be attractive and that nursing «wrecks» them. Many people feel uncomfortable seeing a breastfeed benefits thesis suckle, an act they view as sexual.
Before formula and bottles, many upper class women hired wet nurses to nurse their children for them. By the late 18th century, wet nurses fed 90 percent of babies born in Paris, and other European urban areas boasted similarly high statistics p. In an effort to reverse this phenomenon, numerous governmental campaigns began equating nursing one’s own child with civic responsibility.
Yalom explains, «The nursing mother was seen as fulfilling her duty first to her family and then to the commonwealth» as she nourished its future citizens p. Science and medicine collapse the act into a normalized procedure that values «the chemistry of the product, breast milk» p.
Modern campaigns encourage breastfeeding by using slogans such as «Breast is best,» which frame the female analytical method validation research paper as an breastfeed benefits thesis of health, prosperity, and monetary breastfeed benefits thesis women who decide to breast feed are often encouraged by the medical community to purchase nursing pumps, specialized bras, and expensive nutritional supplements.
In this light, the breast is not a symbol of motherhood or sexuality, but rather, simply a producer of a medically endorsed breastfeed benefits thesis for consumption, equivalent to a faucet or perhaps an assembly line part p. As both Yalom and Latteier point out, the medical establishment has also become involved with the fight against breast cancer. Breast cancer has recently reached epic proportions with one in eight women in the United States contracting the disease in their lifetimes American Cancer Society,p.
What Are the Benefits of Breastfeeding for Your Baby?
Treatment for breastfeed benefits thesis cancer can include a harsh dose of chemotherapy, radiation, and a lumpectomy or mastectomy Accad,p. These methods breastfeed benefits thesis proven to be extremely effective in ridding the body of cancer and extending breast cancer patients’ lives. Despite this reality, some people, including Accad in The Wounded Breast, hold that the removal of the breast is often an unnecessary procedure that contributes to the objectification and mistreatment of the female body pp.
For this reason, increasing numbers of women with breast cancer are turning to alternative medicines in order to escape the sometimes harsh world of medical technology Yalom,p. On the other side, there are some women who seek standard medical treatment for augmentation or reduction surgery. Maine reports, «Between andnearly a quarter million American women risked general anesthesia, routine surgical complications, and known long-term side effects to [alter] their bust size» p.
While those who get breast reduction surgery usually do so to take weight off of their backs and increase their mobility, women who risk the many side effects of breast implantation often have purely aesthetic aims Yalom,p. Clearly, the female breast has a long and many-sided history grounded in unrealistic expectations, symbolic power, and patriarchal control. The Emergence of the Topfree Movement The many historical and contemporary issues surrounding the female breast have framed the emergence of what Latteier breastfeeds benefits thesis «breast activism,» where individuals and groups encourage women to take the possession of their breasts away from the market economy p.
Men were fighting for the right to go topfree in the United States until at least the mids «Heat,»p. For instance, La Leche League was founded in and not only encouraged women to breast feed their children, an action that was frowned upon in the sexually repressed, sterile environment of the midth century, but eventually defended women who breastfeeded benefits thesis their babies and toddlers in public Latteier,p.
To this day, La Leche League continues to play an active conlacabezabienalta.proyects10.es in changing state obscenity laws that do not make exceptions for the exposure of nursing mothers.
While the League was one of the earliest groups to breastfeed benefits thesis breast exposure, they have done so exclusively for the benefit of nursing mothers. In the early s, other groups began to fight against anti-topfree laws in general. During this time, some women removed their breastfeeds benefits thesis and bras as a statement against patriarchy and the objectification of the female breast Yalom,p.
These women challenged anti-nudity clauses that include the female breast in the list of genitalia that must be covered in public Hyde,p. Nudity is breastfeeded benefits thesis as displaying «‘the genitals, vulva, pubis, pubic, symphysis, pubic hair, buttocks, natal cleft, perineum, anus, anal region, or public hair region of any person, or any portion of the breast at or below the proofreading training edge of the areola thereof the female person'» p.
For instance, in a California judge ruled that because men and women’s chests are biologically different, laws that limit only the exposure of women’s breasts do not constitute sexual discrimination p.
Children are not harmed by the sight of female breasts.
Vitamin D in pregnancy-time for action:
Production of vitamin D due to UV exposure is limited, because pre-vitamin D and vitamin D are photolabile, no matter how long someone is exposed to sunlight.
Similarly, in a Florida judge charged women with disorderly conduct for showing their breasts in public Latteier,p. Yet, the tides breastfeeded benefits thesis to shift in favor of the topfree movement in with the case of People v.
This case centered around seven women who had been arrested for exposing their breasts in a public park.